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TITLE OF DOCUMENT:

Bullying in poor countries: Prevalence and coexistence with other forms of violence.

NAME OF AUTHOR(S):

R. Del Rey y R. Ortega.

NAME OF PUBLISHER:

International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 8 (1), 2008.

LANGUAGE OF DOCUMENT:

Spanish

LANGUAGE OF THE REVIEW:

English

KEYWORDS:

Violence, bullying, prevalence, Nicaragua, poor countries

DOCUMENT TYPOLOGY:

Research

TARGET GROUP OF PUBLICATION:

Researchers.

SIZE OF THE PUBLICATION:

1 - 20 pages

DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS:

Bullying in poor countries: Prevalence and coexistence with other forms of violence. Bullying prevalence has been studied in many places in the world, however mainly in developed countries. Therefore, investigations are limited when exploring the phenomenon in poor and developing countries populations, in which the violence problems are even more prominent. Consequently, we consider of special relevance studying bullying in a poor country such is Nicaragua. In this article, we present the results of an investigation developed with a representative sample of 2,813 secondary students in Managua and its metropolitan area (Nicaragua), showing the bullying prevalence, the coexistence with
other forms of violence and the relation to age and sex of the students.

REVIEWER’S COMMENTS ON THE DOCUMENT:

This article has been selected by the interest that an investigation into the prevalence of bullying in a poor country like Nicaragua and comparison of results with those of Europe in this same issue.
Stand data as the level of prevalence of bullying in Nicaragua is extremely higher than developed countries (with an overall index of involvement of 35%). Being the most striking results, the high number of students who are involved from the role of victim or perpetrator victimized aggressive, accounting for about 12% of the total school population, while in European research rates are much lower. Another result suggests that this role has been identified as the most difficult step which shows a complex situation facing the rehabilitation not only for the largest number of subjects involved, but also the manner in which they are . From these data it is concluded that, in countries as poor as Nicaragua, in addition to physical violence and psychological abuse among students is also present in its most cruel and persistent.
Finally, these authors emphasize that the experience in one type of violence, such as bullying, involves greater risk of being involved in other violence. And in this sense, the profile most affected and most at risk is the so-called offender victimized. Instead, perpetrators and victims of bullying appear to be less affected than those of developed countries.

NAME OF THE REVIEWING ORGANISATION:

University of Seville

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