"I Am Not Scared" Project
Harassment from the peers at school. Attitude towards the victims.
Aggression, victim, aggressive, verbal, harassment
Parents, Policy Makers, Teachers, Researchers, Young People, School Directors.
21 - 100 pages
The task of the reviewed publication is to reveal the nature of harassment in schools, to explain the phenomenon of violence, which stands at the grounds of harassment, the reasons for the appearance of this behavior, which turns one child into a merciless aggressor and another one – into a innocent victim.
The material considers the following main issues: definition of the term harassment; myths for harassment; types of harassment; consequences from harassment; violence, violators and victims; observers of harassment; approaches to harassment; aggression, definition of aggression and types of aggression; theories of aggression are reviewed; factors for the appearance of aggressive behavior; role of the family; hypothesis of the research and the tasks of the research; the methodology of the research conducted is also described – sample, instruments, namely questionnaires; procedure of the research; presentation of empirical results; conclusions from the research.
This material is interesting with a number of findings and reference and particularly with the summarized “harassment myths” as listed by Olweus:
1/ Harassment at school depends on the number of students in the classes.
2/ Harassment is a result of rivalry among the students in their attempts for better achievements at school.
3/ The victims differ visibly from the others, they have some physical characteristics – kids that are too fat, kids with glasses, with speech defects, with unusual clothes.
According to the authors the age peak, gender and frequency of harassment are as follows: around the 10-11th year and around the 14-15th year. These are the ages at which harassment is most strongly expressed. Around the age of 15-16 harassment starts to diminish. The harassers are mainly from the same class or age as their victims.
The observation that aggression is most often directed towards representatives of the same gender is quite interesting. The following gender differences are observed:
а/ with boys physical harassment is more frequently observed than with girls, where verbal or indirect harassment appears more often;
b/ a boy on average is three times more often in the position of a harasser and twice more often in the position of victim than a girl, which means that boys are more often aggressors and victims, than girls;
c/ with both genders harassment diminishes with age, but this happens quicker with girls;
d/ bully-boys (aggressors) have an average or below average intelligence and are weak students, they have negative attitudes towards the teachers and school, while bully-girls have average or above average intelligence and good school achievements, they are not visibly problematic and are socially intelligent;
e/ physical aggression with boys is more frequent, but is evaluated les dangerous than with girls;
f/ a boy is more often a victim of individual harassment, while a girl – of group harassment;
g/ boys are usually harassed by boys, unlike girls, who are harassed both by boys and girls;
h/ boys are more often prone to revenge after being attacked than girls.
This material is very interesting and informative and would be useful for all kinds of users – both youths, who are interested in the topic of violence in school, and specialists, parents, teachers, who need to understand the problem in order to oppose it.
Zinev Art Technologies
I Am Not Scared Project
Copyright 2017 - This project has been funded with support from the European Commission